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Kolkata Weather Update: A Comprehensive Guide

weather kolkata

kolkata weather update

When it comes to weather, Kolkata, the capital city of West Bengal in India, experiences a unique blend of tropical and subtropical climate. The city is known for its hot and humid summers, followed by a monsoon season that brings relief from the scorching heat. In this article, we will delve into the various aspects of Kolkata’s weather, including its seasons, temperature variations, rainfall patterns, and more. So, let’s dive in and explore the fascinating weather of Kolkata!

The Seasons of Kolkata

Kolkata experiences four distinct seasons throughout the year, each with its own characteristics and weather patterns. Let’s take a closer look at these seasons:

1. Winter (December to February)

Winter in Kolkata is relatively mild compared to other parts of India. The temperature during this season ranges from 9°C to 20°C (48°F to 68°F). The city experiences cool and pleasant weather, making it an ideal time for outdoor activities and sightseeing. However, it is advisable to carry a light jacket or sweater, especially during the early mornings and evenings.

2. Summer (March to May)

Summer in Kolkata is characterized by hot and humid weather. The temperature during this season can soar up to 40°C (104°F) or even higher. The humidity levels can be quite uncomfortable, making it essential to stay hydrated and seek shade whenever possible. It is advisable to wear light and breathable clothing to beat the heat.

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3. Monsoon (June to September)

The monsoon season brings much-needed relief from the scorching summer heat in Kolkata. The city receives heavy rainfall during this period, with an average precipitation of around 1,582 mm (62 inches) annually. The monsoon showers not only cool down the temperature but also rejuvenate the city’s lush greenery. However, it is important to be prepared for occasional waterlogging and traffic disruptions during heavy downpours.

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4. Post-Monsoon (October to November)

The post-monsoon season in Kolkata marks the transition from the rainy season to winter. The weather during this period is pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F). The humidity levels gradually decrease, making it an ideal time to explore the city’s attractions and indulge in outdoor activities.

Temperature Variations

Kolkata experiences a wide range of temperature variations throughout the year. Let’s take a closer look at the average monthly temperatures in the city:

  • January: 15°C to 26°C (59°F to 79°F)
  • February: 17°C to 29°C (63°F to 84°F)
  • March: 22°C to 34°C (72°F to 93°F)
  • April: 26°C to 36°C (79°F to 97°F)
  • May: 27°C to 37°C (81°F to 99°F)
  • June: 27°C to 36°C (81°F to 97°F)
  • July: 27°C to 33°C (81°F to 91°F)
  • August: 27°C to 33°C (81°F to 91°F)
  • September: 27°C to 33°C (81°F to 91°F)
  • October: 25°C to 33°C (77°F to 91°F)
  • November: 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F)
  • December: 16°C to 27°C (61°F to 81°F)

These temperature variations highlight the contrasting weather conditions experienced by the city throughout the year.

Rainfall Patterns

Kolkata receives a significant amount of rainfall, primarily during the monsoon season. The city experiences both southwest monsoon and northeast monsoon, contributing to its annual precipitation. Here are some key statistics regarding Kolkata’s rainfall:

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  • June: 221 mm (8.7 inches)
  • July: 374 mm (14.7 inches)
  • August: 334 mm (13.1 inches)
  • September: 246 mm (9.7 inches)
  • October: 130 mm (5.1 inches)
  • November: 16 mm (0.6 inches)
  • December: 6 mm (0.2 inches)

These figures indicate that the monsoon season, especially July and August, receives the highest amount of rainfall in Kolkata. It is important to note that these figures are approximate and can vary from year to year.

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Impact of Weather on Daily Life

The weather in Kolkata plays a significant role in shaping the daily lives of its residents. Here are some ways in which the weather impacts various aspects of life in the city:

1. Clothing and Fashion

The hot and humid weather during summer necessitates light and breathable clothing. Cotton and linen fabrics are popular choices among the locals to beat the heat. During the winter season, people opt for warmer clothing such as sweaters, jackets, and shawls to stay comfortable.

2. Outdoor Activities

The pleasant weather during winter and post-monsoon seasons makes it ideal for outdoor activities. People engage in sports, picnics, and cultural events during these periods. However, the scorching heat and heavy rainfall during summer and monsoon seasons limit outdoor activities to a certain extent.

3. Agriculture and Farming

The monsoon season plays a crucial role in agriculture and farming activities in and around Kolkata. The heavy rainfall ensures an adequate water supply for irrigation, promoting the growth of crops. Farmers rely on accurate weather forecasts to plan their agricultural activities effectively.

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4. Transportation and Infrastructure

Heavy rainfall during the monsoon season often leads to waterlogging and traffic disruptions in Kolkata. The city’s drainage system and infrastructure are continuously being improved to mitigate these issues. Additionally, extreme weather conditions, such as cyclones, can impact air and rail transportation, causing delays and cancellations.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Does Kolkata experience extreme weather conditions?

Kolkata does not experience extreme weather conditions like some other parts of India. However, the city does witness occasional heatwaves during the summer season, with temperatures soaring above 40°C (104°F). Additionally, cyclones and heavy rainfall

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