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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its rich history, strategic location, and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Kolkata Airport, including its history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the early 20th century. It was established in 1924 as Dum Dum Airport, named after the nearby Dum Dum area. Initially, it served as a military airbase during World War II. However, after the war, it was converted into a civilian airport to cater to the growing demand for air travel.

Over the years, the airport has undergone several expansions and renovations to keep up with the increasing passenger traffic. In 1995, it was renamed Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in honor of the prominent Indian freedom fighter. Today, it stands as one of the busiest airports in India, handling millions of passengers every year.

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Facilities at Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport boasts a wide range of facilities to ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers. Here are some of the key facilities available:

  • Terminal Buildings: The airport has two passenger terminals – Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern amenities and offer a variety of services, including lounges, duty-free shops, restaurants, and currency exchange counters.
  • Transportation: The airport is well-connected to the city by various modes of transportation. Passengers can choose from taxis, buses, and app-based cab services to reach their destinations. Additionally, the airport has a dedicated railway station, which provides easy access to different parts of Kolkata.
  • Hotels: For travelers who require accommodation near the airport, there are several hotels in close proximity. These hotels offer comfortable rooms, dining options, and other amenities to cater to the needs of both business and leisure travelers.
  • Cargo Facilities: The Kolkata Airport also has state-of-the-art cargo facilities to handle the transportation of goods. It has dedicated cargo terminals equipped with advanced technology and infrastructure to ensure efficient handling and processing of cargo.

Connectivity and Airlines

The Kolkata Airport serves as a major hub for both domestic and international flights, connecting Eastern India to various destinations across the globe. It is well-connected to major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Bangalore, through numerous domestic airlines such as Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, and Vistara.

Internationally, the airport offers flights to destinations in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and beyond. Airlines like Emirates, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways, and Qatar Airways operate regular international flights from Kolkata Airport, providing seamless connectivity to travelers.

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Future Plans and Expansion

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for expansion and modernization to meet the growing demands of air travel. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has proposed the construction of a new integrated terminal, which will be capable of handling more passengers and providing enhanced facilities.

Additionally, the airport authorities are working on improving the overall infrastructure, including the runway, taxiways, and apron areas. These developments aim to increase the airport’s capacity and efficiency, ensuring a smooth travel experience for passengers.


1. How far is Kolkata Airport from the city center?

The Kolkata Airport is located approximately 17 kilometers away from the city center. The travel time between the airport and the city can vary depending on the traffic conditions.


2. Are there any hotels near Kolkata Airport?

Yes, there are several hotels near Kolkata Airport that cater to the needs of travelers. Some popular options include Hyatt Regency Kolkata, Swissotel Kolkata, and Holiday Inn Kolkata Airport.

3. Which airlines operate international flights from Kolkata Airport?

Several airlines operate international flights from Kolkata Airport, including Emirates, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways, Qatar Airways, and AirAsia.

4. Is there public transportation available from Kolkata Airport?

Yes, Kolkata Airport is well-connected to the city by public transportation. Passengers can avail of taxis, buses, and app-based cab services to reach their desired destinations.

5. What are the future plans for Kolkata Airport?

The future plans for Kolkata Airport include the construction of a new integrated terminal and improvements in overall infrastructure to enhance capacity and efficiency.



The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern facilities, and strategic connectivity, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It has witnessed significant growth over the years and continues to play a crucial role in connecting the region to the rest of the world. With its ongoing expansion plans and commitment to providing a seamless travel experience, the Kolkata Airport is poised to become an even more important hub for air travel in the future.

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