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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its rich history, strategic location, and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Kolkata Airport, including its history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the early 20th century. It was established in 1924 as Dum Dum Airport, named after the nearby Dum Dum area. Initially, it served as a military airbase during World War II. However, after the war, it was converted into a civilian airport to cater to the growing demand for air travel.

Over the years, the airport has undergone several expansions and renovations to keep up with the increasing passenger traffic. In 1995, it was renamed Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in honor of the prominent Indian freedom fighter. Today, it stands as one of the busiest airports in India, handling millions of passengers every year.

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Facilities at Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport boasts a wide range of facilities to ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers. Here are some of the key facilities available:

  • Terminal Buildings: The airport has two passenger terminals – Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern amenities and offer a variety of services, including lounges, duty-free shops, restaurants, and currency exchange counters.
  • Transportation: The airport is well-connected to the city by various modes of transportation. Passengers can choose from taxis, buses, and app-based cab services to reach their desired destinations. Additionally, the airport has a dedicated railway station, which provides easy access to different parts of Kolkata.
  • Hotels: For travelers in need of accommodation, there are several hotels located near the airport. These hotels offer comfortable rooms, dining options, and other amenities to ensure a pleasant stay.
  • Cargo Facilities: The Kolkata Airport also serves as a major cargo hub, handling a significant volume of freight every year. It has dedicated cargo terminals equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to facilitate the smooth movement of goods.

Connectivity and Airlines

The Kolkata Airport is well-connected to both domestic and international destinations, making it a crucial gateway for travelers. It serves as a hub for several airlines, offering a wide range of flight options. Some of the major airlines operating at the airport include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara, and Emirates.

Domestically, the airport connects Kolkata to various cities across India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, and Hyderabad. Internationally, it offers flights to destinations such as Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, and Doha.

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With its extensive network and frequent flight schedules, the Kolkata Airport provides travelers with convenient options to reach their desired destinations, whether it be for business or leisure.

Future Plans and Expansion

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for expansion and modernization to meet the growing demands of air travel. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has proposed the construction of a new integrated terminal, which will be capable of handling more passengers and aircraft.

Additionally, the airport aims to enhance its cargo handling capacity by developing dedicated cargo facilities and improving logistics infrastructure. This will further strengthen Kolkata’s position as a major cargo hub in Eastern India.


The airport authorities are also focusing on improving the overall passenger experience by introducing advanced technologies and streamlining processes. This includes the implementation of self-check-in kiosks, automated baggage handling systems, and biometric-based security screening.


The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern facilities, and strategic connectivity, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It has witnessed significant growth over the years and continues to play a crucial role in connecting Kolkata to domestic and international destinations.

With its ongoing expansion plans and focus on enhancing passenger experience, the Kolkata Airport is poised to become a world-class aviation hub. As Eastern India continues to develop and attract more business and tourism, the airport will play a pivotal role in facilitating economic growth and cultural exchange.


1. How old is the Kolkata Airport?

The Kolkata Airport was established in 1924, making it nearly a century old.


2. What is the significance of the name “Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport”?

The airport was renamed in honor of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, a prominent Indian freedom fighter who played a crucial role in the country’s struggle for independence.

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3. Which airlines operate at the Kolkata Airport?

Several airlines operate at the Kolkata Airport, including Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara, and Emirates.

4. What are the future plans for the Kolkata Airport?

The Kolkata Airport has plans for expansion and modernization, including the construction of a new integrated terminal, enhancement of cargo facilities, and implementation of advanced technologies for improved passenger experience.

5. How is the Kolkata Airport connected to the city?

The Kolkata Airport is well-connected to the city through taxis, buses, app-based cab services, and a dedicated railway station located within the airport premises.


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