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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, India. It is the largest airport in Eastern India and plays a crucial role in connecting the region to the rest of the country and the world. In this article, we will explore the history, infrastructure, services, and future developments of the Kolkata Airport, highlighting its significance and impact on the region’s economy and tourism.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a rich history that dates back to the early 1920s. It was originally established as a military airfield during the British colonial era. The airport witnessed its first commercial flight in 1924 when an aircraft of the British Imperial Airways landed here. Over the years, the airport underwent several expansions and modernizations to accommodate the growing air traffic and meet international standards.

One of the significant milestones in the airport’s history was the construction of a new integrated terminal building in 2013. This state-of-the-art facility not only enhanced passenger experience but also increased the airport’s capacity to handle a higher number of flights and passengers.

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Infrastructure and Facilities

The Kolkata Airport boasts modern infrastructure and world-class facilities to cater to the needs of travelers. Let’s take a closer look at some of its key features:


1. Terminal Buildings

The airport has two passenger terminals: Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with advanced facilities, including check-in counters, security checkpoints, immigration counters, baggage handling systems, and lounges.

2. Runways and Aprons

The airport has two parallel runways, each capable of handling large aircraft. The runways are equipped with advanced navigational aids and lighting systems to ensure safe and efficient operations. The aprons, where aircraft are parked, are spacious and well-maintained.

3. Cargo Facilities

Kolkata Airport has dedicated cargo facilities to handle both domestic and international cargo. These facilities are equipped with modern handling equipment and storage facilities to ensure the smooth movement of goods.

4. Retail and Dining

The airport offers a wide range of retail outlets, including duty-free shops, luxury brands, and local handicraft stores. Travelers can also enjoy a variety of dining options, ranging from fast food to fine dining, offering both local and international cuisines.


Services and Amenities

The Kolkata Airport provides a host of services and amenities to enhance the travel experience of passengers. Some of the notable services include:

1. Lounges

The airport has premium lounges for both domestic and international passengers, offering comfortable seating, complimentary refreshments, Wi-Fi access, and business facilities.

2. Medical Facilities

Medical facilities, including first aid and emergency medical services, are available at the airport to ensure the well-being of passengers.

3. Special Assistance

The airport provides special assistance to passengers with disabilities or reduced mobility. This includes wheelchair assistance, dedicated staff, and accessible facilities.


4. Banking and Currency Exchange

Various banks and currency exchange counters are available at the airport to cater to the financial needs of travelers.

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Impact on Economy and Tourism

The Kolkata Airport plays a vital role in driving the economy of Eastern India and promoting tourism in the region. Here are some key ways in which the airport contributes to economic growth:

1. Employment Generation

The airport directly and indirectly generates a significant number of jobs, ranging from airline staff and ground handling personnel to retail and hospitality staff. This provides employment opportunities for the local population and contributes to the overall economic development of the region.

2. Trade and Commerce

The airport facilitates the movement of goods and cargo, supporting trade and commerce in Eastern India. It enables businesses to connect with national and international markets, fostering economic growth and attracting investments.


3. Tourism Promotion

The Kolkata Airport serves as a gateway for tourists visiting Eastern India. It connects the region to major domestic and international destinations, making it easily accessible for travelers. The airport’s modern facilities and services create a positive impression on visitors, encouraging them to explore the diverse cultural and natural attractions of the region.

Future Developments

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for future developments to meet the growing demands of air travel. Some of the key projects in the pipeline include:

1. New Integrated Terminal

The airport authorities are planning to construct a new integrated terminal to handle the increasing passenger traffic. This terminal will be equipped with advanced technologies and enhanced facilities to provide a seamless travel experience.

2. Runway Expansion

To accommodate larger aircraft and increase flight capacity, the airport plans to expand its runways. This expansion will enable the airport to handle more flights and attract new airlines.


3. Infrastructure Upgrades

The airport authorities are continuously upgrading the existing infrastructure to enhance operational efficiency and passenger comfort. This includes improvements in baggage handling systems, security measures, and passenger amenities.

See also  The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India


The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern infrastructure, and world-class facilities, serves as a crucial gateway to Eastern India. It not only connects the region to the rest of the country and the world but also plays a significant role in driving the economy and promoting tourism. With ongoing and planned developments, the airport is poised to meet the growing demands of air travel and further contribute to the growth and development of the region.


1. How many terminals does the Kolkata Airport have?

The Kolkata Airport has two terminals: Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights.

2. What are some of the key facilities available at the airport?

The airport offers a range of facilities, including retail outlets, dining options, lounges, medical facilities, and banking services.


3. How does the Kolkata Airport contribute to the economy?

The airport generates employment opportunities, supports trade and commerce, and promotes tourism in Eastern India.

4. What are some future developments planned for the airport?

The airport plans to construct a new integrated terminal, expand its runways, and upgrade its existing infrastructure.

5. What is the significance of the Kolkata Airport for Eastern India?

The airport serves as a gateway for the region, connecting it to major domestic and international destinations and facilitating economic growth and tourism promotion.

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