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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its strategic location and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans of the Kolkata Airport, highlighting its significance as a major aviation hub in the region.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a rich history that dates back to the early 1920s. It was originally established as a military airfield during the British colonial era. The airport witnessed its first commercial flight in 1924 when an aircraft operated by British Airways (then known as Imperial Airways) landed here. Over the years, the airport underwent several expansions and renovations to accommodate the growing air traffic.

In 1995, the airport was renamed as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in honor of the prominent Indian freedom fighter. Since then, it has undergone significant modernization and development to meet the increasing demands of air travel.

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Facilities at Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport boasts state-of-the-art facilities to ensure a seamless travel experience for passengers. Here are some of the key facilities available at the airport:

  • Terminals: The airport has two passenger terminals – Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern amenities and offer a range of services, including lounges, duty-free shops, restaurants, and currency exchange.
  • Runways: The airport has two parallel runways, capable of handling large aircraft. The runways are equipped with advanced navigational aids and lighting systems to ensure safe and efficient operations.
  • Cargo Facilities: Kolkata Airport has dedicated cargo terminals to handle both domestic and international cargo. These facilities are equipped with modern handling equipment and provide efficient logistics solutions for businesses.
  • Passenger Services: The airport offers a range of passenger services, including baggage handling, immigration, customs, and security checks. The staff is well-trained and provides assistance to passengers whenever required.

Connectivity and Airlines

Kolkata Airport is well-connected to major domestic and international destinations, making it a crucial gateway for travelers. It serves as a hub for several airlines, offering a wide range of flight options. Some of the prominent airlines operating at Kolkata Airport include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara, Emirates, Singapore Airlines, and Thai Airways.

The airport has direct flights to various domestic destinations, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, and Hyderabad. It also offers international flights to cities like Bangkok, Dubai, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur. The connectivity provided by Kolkata Airport plays a vital role in promoting tourism, trade, and business opportunities in Eastern India.

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Future Plans and Expansion

Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for expansion and modernization to cater to the growing air traffic. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has proposed the construction of a new integrated terminal, which will be capable of handling both domestic and international flights. The new terminal will have advanced facilities and increased capacity to accommodate the rising number of passengers.

In addition to the new terminal, the airport authorities are also focusing on improving the existing infrastructure. This includes upgrading the runways, taxiways, and aprons to enhance operational efficiency. The airport is also exploring the possibility of introducing new direct international flights to further boost connectivity.


1. How far is Kolkata Airport from the city center?

Kolkata Airport is located approximately 17 kilometers away from the city center. It takes around 45 minutes to 1 hour to reach the airport from the city, depending on the traffic conditions.


2. Are there any hotels near Kolkata Airport?

Yes, there are several hotels located near Kolkata Airport, offering convenient accommodation options for travelers. Some of the popular hotels include Hyatt Regency Kolkata, Swissotel Kolkata, and Holiday Inn Kolkata Airport.

3. Is there public transportation available to and from the airport?

Yes, there are various public transportation options available to and from Kolkata Airport. The airport is well-connected by taxis, buses, and app-based cab services. Additionally, the airport has a dedicated metro station, providing easy access to different parts of the city.

4. What are the COVID-19 safety measures implemented at Kolkata Airport?

Kolkata Airport has implemented several COVID-19 safety measures to ensure the well-being of passengers. These include mandatory temperature checks, social distancing markers, frequent sanitization of common areas, and the use of face masks and hand sanitizers. The airport staff is also trained to handle any emergency situations related to the pandemic.

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5. How does Kolkata Airport contribute to the economy of Eastern India?

Kolkata Airport plays a significant role in boosting the economy of Eastern India. It facilitates the movement of people and goods, promoting tourism, trade, and business opportunities in the region. The airport serves as a gateway for international investors and tourists, contributing to the overall development and growth of Eastern India.



The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is a vital aviation hub in Eastern India. With its rich history, modern facilities, and excellent connectivity, the airport serves as a gateway to the region. The airport authorities have ambitious plans for expansion and development, which will further enhance its capacity and efficiency. Kolkata Airport’s contribution to the economy and its role in promoting tourism and trade make it a crucial asset for the growth and development of Eastern India.

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