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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its rich history, strategic location, and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Kolkata Airport, including its history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the early 20th century. It was originally established in 1924 as Dum Dum Airport, named after the nearby Dum Dum area. At that time, it served as a military airbase for the British Royal Air Force. However, with the growing popularity of air travel, the airport was opened for civilian use in 1929.

Over the years, the Kolkata Airport has witnessed significant developments and expansions. In 1995, it was renamed as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, in honor of the prominent Indian freedom fighter. The airport underwent a major modernization project in 2013, which transformed it into a world-class facility with state-of-the-art infrastructure and amenities.

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Facilities and Infrastructure

The Kolkata Airport boasts a wide range of facilities and amenities to ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers. Here are some of the key features:

  • Terminals: The airport has two passenger terminals – Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern facilities, including lounges, duty-free shops, and restaurants.
  • Runways: The airport has two runways, capable of handling large aircraft. The primary runway is 3,627 meters long, while the secondary runway is 3,200 meters long.
  • Cargo Facilities: The Kolkata Airport has dedicated cargo facilities to handle both domestic and international cargo. It has a cargo terminal with advanced handling equipment and storage facilities.
  • ATC Tower: The airport has a state-of-the-art Air Traffic Control (ATC) tower, equipped with the latest communication and navigation systems to ensure safe and efficient operations.
  • Ground Transportation: The airport is well-connected to the city by various modes of transportation, including taxis, buses, and the Kolkata Metro. It also has ample parking facilities for private vehicles.

Connectivity and Airlines

The Kolkata Airport serves as a major hub for air travel in Eastern India, connecting the region to both domestic and international destinations. It is served by numerous airlines, offering a wide range of flight options to passengers. Some of the prominent airlines operating at the Kolkata Airport include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara, and Emirates.

The airport offers excellent connectivity to major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Bangalore. It also has direct international flights to destinations such as Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, and Dhaka. With its extensive network, the Kolkata Airport plays a vital role in promoting tourism, trade, and business in the region.

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Future Plans and Expansion

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for future expansion to meet the growing demand for air travel. Here are some of the key initiatives:

  • New Terminal: The airport authorities are planning to construct a new integrated terminal to handle the increasing passenger traffic. The new terminal will have advanced facilities and a larger capacity to accommodate more flights.
  • Runway Expansion: To accommodate larger aircraft and increase operational efficiency, the airport plans to extend the length of its runways. This will enable the airport to handle more international flights and attract new airlines.
  • Cargo Hub: The Kolkata Airport aims to become a major cargo hub in Eastern India. It plans to enhance its cargo facilities and develop dedicated infrastructure to handle perishable goods, e-commerce shipments, and express cargo.
  • Green Initiatives: The airport is committed to sustainability and has implemented various green initiatives. It has installed solar panels to generate renewable energy and has adopted energy-efficient practices to reduce its carbon footprint.


1. How far is Kolkata Airport from the city center?

The Kolkata Airport is located approximately 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) northeast of the city center.

2. Are there hotels near the airport?

Yes, there are several hotels located near the Kolkata Airport, offering convenient accommodation options for travelers.

3. Can I get a taxi from the airport to the city?

Yes, taxis are readily available at the Kolkata Airport. There are designated taxi counters where you can book a taxi to your desired destination.


4. Does the airport have Wi-Fi facilities?

Yes, the Kolkata Airport provides free Wi-Fi facilities for passengers. You can connect to the airport’s Wi-Fi network by following the instructions displayed at the terminal.

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5. Is there a metro station near the airport?

Yes, the Kolkata Airport is connected to the city’s metro network. The nearest metro station is Dum Dum Metro Station, which is located in close proximity to the airport.


The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern infrastructure, and strategic location, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It offers a wide range of facilities and amenities to ensure a comfortable travel experience for passengers. The airport’s excellent connectivity and extensive airline network connect Eastern India to both domestic and international destinations. With its ambitious expansion plans and commitment to sustainability, the Kolkata Airport is poised to become a major aviation hub in the region. Whether you are a tourist, a business traveler, or a resident of Kolkata, the airport provides a seamless travel experience and plays a crucial role in driving economic growth and development in Eastern India.

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