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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its rich history, strategic location, and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Kolkata Airport, including its history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the early 20th century. It was established in 1924 as Dum Dum Airport, making it one of the oldest airports in India. Initially, it served as a military airbase during World War II, but later it was converted into a civilian airport.

Over the years, the airport has undergone several expansions and renovations to meet the growing demands of air travel. In 1995, it was renamed as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in honor of the prominent freedom fighter. Today, it stands as a modern and well-equipped airport, catering to millions of passengers every year.

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Facilities at Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport boasts a wide range of facilities and amenities to ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers. Let’s take a closer look at some of the key facilities:


1. Terminal Buildings

The airport has two terminal buildings: Terminal 1 for domestic flights and Terminal 2 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern facilities, including check-in counters, security checkpoints, lounges, and duty-free shops.

2. Lounges

Kolkata Airport offers premium lounges for passengers looking for a more luxurious experience. These lounges provide comfortable seating, complimentary refreshments, Wi-Fi access, and other amenities to help travelers relax before their flights.

3. Dining and Shopping

The airport houses a variety of dining options, ranging from fast-food chains to fine dining restaurants, catering to different tastes and preferences. Additionally, there are numerous shops selling a wide range of products, including clothing, electronics, souvenirs, and more.

4. Medical Facilities

Kolkata Airport has a well-equipped medical center to handle any medical emergencies that may arise. The center is staffed with trained medical professionals and is equipped with essential medical equipment.


5. Currency Exchange and Banking

For the convenience of international travelers, the airport provides currency exchange services and banking facilities. Passengers can easily exchange their currency or access banking services within the airport premises.

Connectivity and Airlines

The Kolkata Airport is well-connected to various domestic and international destinations, making it a crucial hub for air travel in Eastern India. It serves as a gateway to popular tourist destinations like Darjeeling, Sundarbans, and the Northeastern states. Let’s explore the connectivity and airlines operating at the airport:

1. Domestic Connectivity

Kolkata Airport offers excellent connectivity to major cities across India. It serves as a hub for several domestic airlines, including Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, GoAir, and Vistara. These airlines operate regular flights to destinations like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, and many more.

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2. International Connectivity

The airport also connects Kolkata to various international destinations, facilitating both business and leisure travel. Airlines such as Emirates, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways, and Qatar Airways operate regular flights to cities like Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, and Doha.


3. Cargo Operations

In addition to passenger flights, Kolkata Airport also plays a significant role in cargo operations. It handles a substantial volume of cargo, including perishable goods, textiles, electronics, and pharmaceuticals. The airport’s cargo facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art infrastructure to ensure efficient handling and transportation of goods.

Future Plans and Expansion

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for future expansion to accommodate the growing number of passengers and enhance its infrastructure. Some of the key future plans include:

1. New Integrated Terminal

The airport authorities are working on the construction of a new integrated terminal that will replace the existing Terminal 2. The new terminal will have enhanced facilities, increased capacity, and improved passenger amenities.

2. Runway Expansion

To handle larger aircraft and increase flight operations, the airport plans to expand its runways. This expansion will enable the airport to accommodate more flights and reduce congestion during peak hours.


3. Upgraded Cargo Facilities

Kolkata Airport aims to upgrade its cargo facilities to handle a higher volume of cargo and improve efficiency. The expansion of cargo facilities will support the growth of trade and commerce in the region.


The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern facilities, and strategic location, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It connects the region to various domestic and international destinations, facilitating tourism, trade, and economic growth. With its ongoing expansion plans, the airport is poised to meet the increasing demands of air travel and provide a seamless experience for passengers. Whether you are a tourist exploring the cultural heritage of Kolkata or a business traveler visiting the thriving industries in the region, the Kolkata Airport is ready to welcome you with open arms.

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1. How old is the Kolkata Airport?

The Kolkata Airport, originally known as Dum Dum Airport, was established in 1924, making it one of the oldest airports in India.

2. What are the terminal buildings at Kolkata Airport?

Kolkata Airport has two terminal buildings: Terminal 1 for domestic flights and Terminal 2 for international flights.


3. Which airlines operate at Kolkata Airport?

Several domestic and international airlines operate at Kolkata Airport, including Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Emirates, Singapore Airlines, and more.

4. What are the future plans for Kolkata Airport?

Kolkata Airport has plans for a new integrated terminal, runway expansion, and upgraded cargo facilities to accommodate the growing demands of air travel.

5. What is the significance of Kolkata Airport?

Kolkata Airport serves as a crucial hub for air travel in Eastern India, connecting the region to various domestic and international destinations. It plays a vital role in promoting tourism, trade, and economic growth in the area.

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