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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its rich history, strategic location, and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Kolkata Airport, including its history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the early 20th century. It was established in 1924 as Dum Dum Airport, named after the nearby Dum Dum area. Initially, it served as a military airbase during World War II. However, after the war, it was converted into a civilian airport to cater to the growing demand for air travel.

Over the years, the airport has undergone several expansions and renovations to keep up with the increasing passenger traffic. In 1995, it was renamed Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in honor of the prominent Indian freedom fighter. Today, it stands as one of the busiest airports in India, handling millions of passengers every year.

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Facilities at Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport boasts a wide range of facilities to ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers. Here are some of the key facilities available:

  • Terminal Buildings: The airport has two passenger terminals – Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern amenities and offer a variety of services, including lounges, duty-free shops, restaurants, and currency exchange counters.
  • Transportation: The airport is well-connected to the city by various modes of transportation. Passengers can choose from taxis, buses, and app-based cab services to reach their desired destinations. Additionally, the airport has a dedicated railway station, which provides easy access to different parts of Kolkata.
  • Baggage Handling: Kolkata Airport has efficient baggage handling systems in place to ensure the smooth flow of luggage. Passengers can avail of services like baggage wrapping, trolleys, and porter assistance for added convenience.
  • Medical Facilities: The airport has a medical center equipped to handle any medical emergencies. Trained staff and doctors are available round the clock to provide immediate assistance to passengers in need.
  • Wi-Fi and Charging Stations: To cater to the needs of tech-savvy travelers, the airport provides free Wi-Fi connectivity throughout the premises. Additionally, there are charging stations available to keep electronic devices powered up.

Connectivity and Airlines

Kolkata Airport serves as a major hub for both domestic and international flights, connecting Eastern India to various destinations across the globe. It is well-connected to major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Bangalore, through numerous airlines. Some of the prominent domestic airlines operating at Kolkata Airport include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, and Vistara.

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When it comes to international connectivity, the airport offers flights to destinations in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and beyond. Airlines such as Emirates, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways, and Qatar Airways operate regular international flights from Kolkata Airport.

Future Plans and Expansion

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for expansion and modernization to meet the growing demands of air travel. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has proposed the construction of a new integrated terminal, which will be capable of handling more passengers and aircraft. This expansion project aims to enhance the airport’s capacity and provide a world-class experience to travelers.

Additionally, the airport authorities are working on improving the overall infrastructure, including runway upgrades, parking facilities, and the introduction of advanced security systems. These initiatives will not only boost the airport’s operational efficiency but also contribute to the economic growth of the region.


1. How far is Kolkata Airport from the city center?

Kolkata Airport is located approximately 17 kilometers away from the city center. The travel time between the airport and the city can vary depending on the traffic conditions.


2. Are there any hotels near Kolkata Airport?

Yes, there are several hotels located near Kolkata Airport, offering convenient accommodation options for travelers. Some popular choices include The Pride Hotel, Swissotel Kolkata, and Novotel Kolkata Hotel and Residences.

3. Can I avail of public transportation from Kolkata Airport?

Yes, Kolkata Airport is well-connected to the city by public transportation. Passengers can choose from buses, taxis, and app-based cab services to reach their desired destinations. The airport also has a dedicated railway station, providing easy access to different parts of Kolkata.

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4. How many flights operate from Kolkata Airport?

Kolkata Airport handles a significant number of flights on a daily basis. On average, there are around 300 domestic and international flights operating from the airport.

5. Is there a lounge facility available at Kolkata Airport?

Yes, Kolkata Airport has lounges available for passengers to relax and unwind before their flights. These lounges offer comfortable seating, refreshments, and other amenities to enhance the travel experience.



The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern facilities, and strategic location, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It connects the region to various domestic and international destinations, facilitating trade, tourism, and economic growth. With ongoing expansion plans and a commitment to providing a world-class experience, the Kolkata Airport is poised to play an even more significant role in the future.

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