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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its rich history, strategic location, and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Kolkata Airport, including its history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the early 20th century. It was established in 1924 as Dum Dum Airport, making it one of the oldest airports in India. Initially, it served as a military airbase during World War II, but later it was converted into a civilian airport.

Over the years, the airport has undergone several expansions and renovations to meet the growing demands of air travel. In 1995, it was renamed as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in honor of the prominent Indian freedom fighter. Today, it stands as a modern and well-equipped airport, catering to millions of passengers every year.

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Facilities at Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport boasts a wide range of facilities and amenities to ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers. Let’s take a closer look at some of the key facilities:


1. Terminal Buildings

The airport has two passenger terminals: Terminal 1 for domestic flights and Terminal 2 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern facilities, including check-in counters, security checkpoints, lounges, and duty-free shops.

2. Lounges

Kolkata Airport offers premium lounges for passengers looking for a more luxurious experience. These lounges provide comfortable seating, complimentary refreshments, Wi-Fi access, and other amenities to help travelers relax before their flights.

3. Dining and Shopping

The airport houses a variety of dining options, ranging from fast-food chains to fine dining restaurants, catering to different tastes and preferences. Additionally, there are numerous shops and boutiques offering a wide range of products, including clothing, accessories, electronics, and souvenirs.

4. Medical Facilities

Kolkata Airport has a well-equipped medical center to handle any medical emergencies that may arise. The center is staffed with trained medical professionals and is equipped with essential medical equipment.


5. Transportation Services

The airport provides various transportation options for passengers to reach their destinations. These include taxis, car rentals, and app-based cab services. Additionally, there are dedicated bus services connecting the airport to different parts of the city.

Connectivity and Airlines

Kolkata Airport serves as a major hub for both domestic and international flights, connecting Eastern India to various destinations across the globe. It is well-connected to major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Bangalore, through numerous domestic airlines.

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Internationally, the airport offers flights to destinations such as Singapore, Bangkok, Dubai, Hong Kong, and many more. It serves as a crucial gateway for travelers from Eastern India, providing them with convenient connections to different parts of the world.

Future Plans and Expansion

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for expansion and modernization to meet the growing demands of air travel. Some of the key future plans include:


1. New Integrated Terminal

The airport authorities are working on the construction of a new integrated terminal that will cater to both domestic and international passengers. This state-of-the-art terminal will have enhanced facilities and increased capacity to handle the growing passenger traffic.

2. Runway Expansion

To accommodate larger aircraft and increase the number of flight operations, the airport is planning to expand its runways. This expansion will enable the airport to handle more flights and reduce congestion during peak hours.

3. Cargo Facilities

Kolkata Airport aims to enhance its cargo handling capabilities to support the growing trade and commerce in the region. The airport plans to develop dedicated cargo terminals and improve infrastructure to facilitate efficient movement of goods.


1. How far is Kolkata Airport from the city center?

Kolkata Airport is located approximately 17 kilometers away from the city center. The travel time between the airport and the city center can vary depending on traffic conditions.


2. Are there any hotels near Kolkata Airport?

Yes, there are several hotels located near Kolkata Airport, offering convenient accommodation options for travelers. These hotels range from budget-friendly options to luxury establishments.

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3. Which airlines operate from Kolkata Airport?

Kolkata Airport serves as a hub for various domestic and international airlines. Some of the major airlines operating from the airport include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Emirates, Singapore Airlines, and Thai Airways.

4. Is there public transportation available from Kolkata Airport?

Yes, Kolkata Airport is well-connected to the city through public transportation. There are dedicated bus services operated by the state transport authority, as well as taxi services and app-based cab services available for passengers.

5. What are the visa requirements for international travelers arriving at Kolkata Airport?

The visa requirements for international travelers arriving at Kolkata Airport depend on their nationality and the purpose of their visit. It is advisable to check with the respective embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date visa information.



The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern facilities, and strategic location, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It connects the region to various domestic and international destinations, facilitating trade, tourism, and cultural exchange. With its ongoing expansion plans and commitment to providing a seamless travel experience, the Kolkata Airport is poised to become a major aviation hub in the coming years.

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