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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, India. It is the largest airport in Eastern India and plays a crucial role in connecting the region to the rest of the country and the world. In this article, we will explore the history, infrastructure, services, and future developments of the Kolkata Airport, highlighting its significance and impact on the region’s economy and tourism.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a rich history that dates back to the early 1920s. It was originally established as a military airfield during the British colonial era. The airport witnessed its first commercial flight in 1924 when an aircraft of the British Imperial Airways landed here. Over the years, the airport underwent several expansions and modernizations to accommodate the growing air traffic and meet international standards.

One of the significant milestones in the airport’s history was the construction of a new integrated terminal building in 2013. This state-of-the-art facility not only enhanced passenger experience but also increased the airport’s capacity to handle a higher number of flights and passengers.

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Infrastructure and Facilities

The Kolkata Airport boasts modern infrastructure and world-class facilities to cater to the needs of travelers. Let’s take a closer look at some of its key features:


1. Terminal Buildings

The airport has two passenger terminals: Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with advanced facilities, including check-in counters, security checkpoints, immigration counters, baggage handling systems, and lounges.

2. Runways and Aprons

The airport has two parallel runways, each capable of handling large aircraft. The runways are equipped with advanced navigational aids and lighting systems to ensure safe and efficient operations. The aprons, where aircraft are parked, are spacious and well-maintained.

3. Cargo Facilities

Kolkata Airport has dedicated cargo facilities to handle both domestic and international cargo. These facilities are equipped with modern handling equipment and storage facilities to ensure the smooth movement of goods.

4. Retail and Dining

The airport offers a wide range of retail outlets, including duty-free shops, luxury brands, and local handicraft stores. Travelers can also enjoy a variety of dining options, ranging from fast food to fine dining, offering both local and international cuisines.


Services and Amenities

The Kolkata Airport provides a host of services and amenities to enhance the travel experience of passengers. Some of the notable services include:

1. Lounges

The airport has premium lounges for both domestic and international passengers, offering comfortable seating, complimentary refreshments, Wi-Fi access, and business facilities.

2. Medical Facilities

Medical facilities, including first aid and emergency medical services, are available at the airport to ensure the well-being of passengers.

3. Special Assistance

The airport provides special assistance to passengers with disabilities or reduced mobility. Wheelchairs, dedicated staff, and accessible facilities are available to ensure a hassle-free experience.


4. Car Rental and Transport

Passengers can easily rent cars or avail of other transportation services at the airport to reach their destinations conveniently.

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Impact on Economy and Tourism

The Kolkata Airport plays a vital role in driving the economy of Eastern India and promoting tourism in the region. Here are some key ways in which the airport contributes to the growth and development of the area:

1. Trade and Commerce

The airport serves as a major gateway for trade and commerce in Eastern India. It facilitates the movement of goods and enables businesses to connect with national and international markets efficiently.

2. Employment Generation

The airport generates a significant number of direct and indirect employment opportunities. From airline staff and ground handling personnel to retail and hospitality workers, the airport supports a diverse range of jobs.


3. Tourism Promotion

The Kolkata Airport plays a crucial role in promoting tourism in Eastern India. It serves as the entry point for domestic and international tourists visiting popular destinations such as the Sunderbans, Darjeeling, and the Northeastern states.

4. Connectivity and Regional Development

The airport’s connectivity to various domestic and international destinations enhances regional development by attracting investments, fostering cultural exchange, and facilitating knowledge transfer.

Future Developments

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for future developments to meet the growing demands of air travel. Some of the key projects in the pipeline include:

1. New Integrated Terminal

The airport authorities are planning to construct a new integrated terminal to further enhance passenger capacity and improve overall infrastructure.


2. Runway Expansion

To accommodate larger aircraft and increase flight operations, the airport is considering expanding its runways and aprons.

3. Cargo Hub Development

Kolkata Airport aims to develop a dedicated cargo hub to boost trade and commerce in the region. This will involve the construction of modern cargo facilities and the implementation of efficient logistics systems.

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The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern infrastructure, and world-class facilities, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It not only connects the region to the rest of the world but also plays a significant role in driving the economy, promoting tourism, and fostering regional development. With its ambitious plans for future developments, the Kolkata Airport is poised to further strengthen its position as a key aviation hub in the country.


1. How many terminals does the Kolkata Airport have?

The Kolkata Airport has two terminals: Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights.


2. What are some of the key facilities available at the airport?

The airport offers a range of facilities, including retail outlets, dining options, lounges, medical facilities, and special assistance for passengers with disabilities.

3. How does the Kolkata Airport contribute to the economy?

The airport facilitates trade and commerce, generates employment opportunities, and promotes tourism, thereby contributing to the overall economic growth of Eastern India.

4. What are some future developments planned for the airport?

The airport has plans for a new integrated terminal, runway expansion, and the development of a dedicated cargo hub to meet the growing demands of air travel.

5. What is the historical significance of the Kolkata Airport?

The airport has a rich history dating back to the 1920s and has


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