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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its rich history, strategic location, and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Kolkata Airport, including its history, facilities, connectivity, and future plans.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a long and illustrious history that dates back to the early 20th century. It was established in 1924 as Dum Dum Airport, making it one of the oldest airports in India. Initially, it served as a military airbase during World War II, but later it was converted into a civilian airport.

Over the years, the airport has undergone several expansions and renovations to meet the growing demands of air travel. In 1995, it was renamed as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in honor of the prominent Indian freedom fighter. Today, it stands as a modern and well-equipped airport, catering to millions of passengers every year.

Facilities at Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport boasts a wide range of facilities and amenities to ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers. Let’s take a closer look at some of the key facilities:


1. Terminal Buildings

The airport has two passenger terminals: Terminal 1 for domestic flights and Terminal 2 for international flights. Both terminals are equipped with modern facilities, including check-in counters, security checkpoints, lounges, and duty-free shops.

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2. Lounges

Kolkata Airport offers premium lounges for passengers looking for a more luxurious experience. These lounges provide comfortable seating, complimentary refreshments, Wi-Fi access, and other amenities to help travelers relax before their flights.

3. Dining and Shopping

The airport houses a variety of dining options, ranging from fast-food chains to fine dining restaurants, catering to different tastes and preferences. Additionally, there are numerous shops and boutiques offering a wide range of products, including clothing, accessories, electronics, and souvenirs.

4. Medical Facilities

Kolkata Airport has a well-equipped medical center to handle any medical emergencies that may arise. The center is staffed with trained medical professionals and is equipped with essential medical equipment.


5. Wi-Fi and Connectivity

The airport provides free Wi-Fi access throughout the terminals, allowing passengers to stay connected with their loved ones or catch up on work while waiting for their flights. Additionally, there are charging stations available to ensure that passengers can keep their devices powered up.

Connectivity and Airlines

Kolkata Airport is well-connected to various domestic and international destinations, making it a crucial hub for air travel in Eastern India. It serves as a gateway to popular tourist destinations such as Darjeeling, Sundarbans, and the Northeastern states of India.

Several major airlines operate flights to and from Kolkata Airport, including both full-service carriers and low-cost airlines. Some of the prominent airlines operating at the airport include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara, and Emirates.

The airport offers a wide range of domestic and international flights, connecting Kolkata to major cities in India, as well as destinations in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and beyond. This extensive connectivity makes it easier for travelers to explore different parts of the world from Kolkata.


Future Plans and Expansion

The Kolkata Airport has ambitious plans for expansion and modernization to meet the growing demands of air travel. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has proposed the construction of a new integrated terminal, which will be capable of handling more passengers and flights.

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The new terminal will feature state-of-the-art facilities, including advanced security systems, spacious lounges, and improved passenger amenities. It will also have enhanced infrastructure to accommodate larger aircraft and increase the airport’s capacity.

Additionally, the airport authorities are working on improving the overall passenger experience by implementing advanced technologies, such as self-check-in kiosks, automated baggage handling systems, and biometric-based security screening.


1. How far is Kolkata Airport from the city center?

Kolkata Airport is located approximately 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) northeast of the city center. The travel time from the city center to the airport can vary depending on traffic conditions, but it usually takes around 45 minutes to an hour by road.


2. Are there any hotels near Kolkata Airport?

Yes, there are several hotels located near Kolkata Airport, offering convenient accommodation options for travelers. Some of the popular hotels in the vicinity include Hyatt Regency Kolkata, Swissotel Kolkata, and Holiday Inn Kolkata Airport.

3. Is there public transportation available from Kolkata Airport?

Yes, there are various public transportation options available from Kolkata Airport. Passengers can choose to take prepaid taxis, app-based cab services, or public buses to reach their desired destinations. The airport also has a dedicated metro station, providing easy access to different parts of the city.

4. How many flights operate from Kolkata Airport?

Kolkata Airport handles a significant number of flights on a daily basis. On average, there are around 300 domestic and international flights operating from the airport, connecting Kolkata to various destinations across the globe.

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Kolkata Airport offers flights to several popular international destinations. Some of the prominent international routes include Bangkok, Singapore, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Doha, and London. These flights provide convenient connections for travelers looking to explore different parts of the world from Kolkata.



The Kolkata Airport, with its rich history, modern facilities, and extensive connectivity, serves as a vital gateway to Eastern India. It has witnessed significant growth and development over the years, catering to the increasing demands of air travel. The airport’s future expansion plans and focus on enhancing passenger experience further highlight its commitment to providing world-class services. Whether it’s for business or leisure, the Kolkata Airport continues to play a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world.

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