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The Kolkata Airport: A Gateway to Eastern India

kolkata airport

kolkata airport

The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. With its strategic location and modern infrastructure, the airport plays a crucial role in connecting Eastern India to the rest of the world. In this article, we will explore the history, facilities, connectivity, and future developments of the Kolkata Airport.

The History of Kolkata Airport

The Kolkata Airport has a rich history that dates back to the early 1920s. It was originally established as a military airfield during the British colonial era. The airport witnessed significant developments over the years, transforming from a small airfield to a major international airport.

In 1995, the airport was renamed after Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, a prominent freedom fighter from Kolkata. This renaming was a tribute to his contributions to the Indian independence movement.

Facilities and Infrastructure

The Kolkata Airport boasts state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure to cater to the growing number of passengers. Here are some key features of the airport:

  • Terminals: The airport has two passenger terminals – Terminal 2 for domestic flights and Terminal 3 for international flights. These terminals are equipped with modern amenities and provide a seamless travel experience.
  • Runways: The airport has two parallel runways, capable of handling large aircraft. The runways are equipped with advanced navigation systems to ensure safe and efficient operations.
  • Cargo Facilities: Kolkata Airport has dedicated cargo facilities to handle both domestic and international cargo. These facilities are equipped with modern handling equipment and adhere to international standards.
  • Passenger Amenities: The airport offers a wide range of passenger amenities, including lounges, duty-free shops, restaurants, and currency exchange counters. These amenities enhance the overall travel experience for passengers.
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Connectivity and Airlines

The Kolkata Airport is well-connected to various domestic and international destinations. It serves as a major hub for air travel in Eastern India. Here are some key points regarding connectivity and airlines:

  • Domestic Connectivity: The airport is connected to major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, and Hyderabad. Several domestic airlines operate regular flights to and from Kolkata.
  • International Connectivity: Kolkata Airport offers international flights to destinations such as Bangkok, Singapore, Dubai, Hong Kong, and Dhaka. It serves as an important gateway for travelers from Eastern India to explore international destinations.
  • Airlines: The airport is served by both full-service and low-cost carriers. Some of the prominent airlines operating at Kolkata Airport include Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, Vistara, Emirates, and Singapore Airlines.

Future Developments

The Kolkata Airport has several future developments planned to enhance its capacity and infrastructure. These developments aim to meet the growing demand for air travel in Eastern India. Here are some upcoming projects:

  • New Integrated Terminal: The airport authorities are planning to construct a new integrated terminal to handle the increasing passenger traffic. This terminal will have advanced facilities and will significantly enhance the airport’s capacity.
  • Expansion of Runways: To accommodate larger aircraft and increase operational efficiency, the runways at Kolkata Airport will be expanded. This expansion will enable the airport to handle more flights and reduce congestion.
  • Improved Cargo Facilities: The airport plans to upgrade its cargo facilities to cater to the growing demand for air cargo services. These improvements will include the installation of advanced handling systems and increased storage capacity.
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1. What is the distance between Kolkata Airport and the city center?

The Kolkata Airport is located approximately 17 kilometers away from the city center.

2. How many passengers does Kolkata Airport handle annually?

Kolkata Airport handles over 21 million passengers annually.

3. Which airlines offer direct international flights from Kolkata Airport?


Airlines such as Emirates, Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways, and AirAsia offer direct international flights from Kolkata Airport.

4. Are there any hotels near Kolkata Airport?

Yes, there are several hotels located near Kolkata Airport, offering convenient accommodation options for travelers.

5. Does Kolkata Airport have Wi-Fi facilities?


Yes, Kolkata Airport provides free Wi-Fi facilities for passengers.


The Kolkata Airport, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is a vital gateway to Eastern India. With its rich history, modern facilities, and extensive connectivity, the airport serves as a crucial link between Eastern India and the rest of the world. The airport’s future developments, including a new integrated terminal and runway expansion, will further enhance its capacity and efficiency. Whether it’s for domestic or international travel, the Kolkata Airport continues to play a significant role in connecting people and fostering economic growth in the region.

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