Table of Contents
- The Temperature of Kolkata: A Comprehensive Guide
- The Seasonal Temperature Variations in Kolkata
- Summer (March to May)
- Monsoon (June to September)
- Autumn (October to November)
- Winter (December to February)
- Extreme Weather Events in Kolkata
- The Impact of Climate Change on Kolkata’s Temperature
- Increased Temperature
- Changing Rainfall Patterns
- 1. How hot does Kolkata get during the summer?
- 2. What is the average rainfall in Kolkata during the monsoon season?
- 3. What is the temperature range in Kolkata during winter?
- 4. How does climate change affect Kolkata’s temperature?
- 5. What are the major extreme weather events that Kolkata has experienced?
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a vibrant and bustling metropolis that is known for its rich cultural heritage, historical landmarks, and mouth-watering cuisine. However, one aspect of Kolkata that often goes unnoticed is its unique climate and temperature patterns. In this article, we will delve into the temperature of Kolkata, exploring its seasonal variations, extreme weather events, and the impact of climate change. So, let’s dive in and uncover the fascinating world of Kolkata’s temperature!
The Seasonal Temperature Variations in Kolkata
Kolkata experiences a tropical wet-and-dry climate, characterized by hot and humid summers and mild winters. The city is located in the Gangetic plain, which influences its temperature patterns. Here is a breakdown of the seasonal temperature variations in Kolkata:
Summer (March to May)
Summers in Kolkata are notoriously hot and humid, with temperatures often soaring above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit). The city experiences scorching heatwaves during this period, making it uncomfortable for residents and visitors alike. The humidity levels also remain high, adding to the discomfort. It is advisable to stay hydrated and seek shade or air-conditioned spaces during the peak summer months.
Monsoon (June to September)
The monsoon season brings relief from the sweltering heat of summer. Kolkata receives a significant amount of rainfall during this period, with the monsoon winds bringing moisture from the Bay of Bengal. The average rainfall in Kolkata during the monsoon season is around 1,500 millimeters (59 inches). The temperature drops slightly during this time, ranging between 25 to 35 degrees Celsius (77 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit). However, the humidity levels remain high, making it feel warmer than it actually is.
Autumn (October to November)
Autumn in Kolkata is a pleasant season, with temperatures ranging between 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). The humidity levels decrease, and the city experiences clear skies and comfortable weather. This is a popular time for outdoor activities and festivals in Kolkata, such as Durga Puja, which is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm.
Winter (December to February)
Winters in Kolkata are mild and enjoyable, with temperatures ranging between 12 to 25 degrees Celsius (54 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit). The city experiences cool and dry weather during this period, making it an ideal time to explore the city’s attractions. However, occasional cold waves from the Himalayas can bring the temperature down further, so it is advisable to carry some warm clothing.
Extreme Weather Events in Kolkata
While Kolkata generally experiences a predictable climate, it is not immune to extreme weather events. Here are some notable instances of extreme weather in Kolkata:
Kolkata is located in a region prone to cyclones, particularly during the pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. Cyclone Amphan, which struck Kolkata in May 2020, was one of the most devastating cyclones in recent history. It caused widespread destruction, including uprooted trees, damaged infrastructure, and power outages. The cyclone served as a wake-up call for the city’s preparedness in dealing with such extreme weather events.
Heatwaves are a common occurrence in Kolkata during the summer months. In recent years, the frequency and intensity of heatwaves have increased due to climate change. These heatwaves pose a significant health risk, particularly for vulnerable populations such as the elderly and children. It is crucial for the city to implement measures to mitigate the impact of heatwaves, including providing access to cooling centers and raising awareness about heat-related illnesses.
The Impact of Climate Change on Kolkata’s Temperature
Like many other cities around the world, Kolkata is experiencing the effects of climate change. Rising global temperatures and changing weather patterns have a direct impact on the city’s temperature. Here are some key ways in which climate change is affecting Kolkata:
Climate change has led to an overall increase in temperature in Kolkata. The city is experiencing hotter summers, with more frequent and intense heatwaves. This not only affects the comfort of residents but also has implications for public health, agriculture, and the economy. It is essential for the city to adapt to these rising temperatures and implement measures to mitigate the impact.
Changing Rainfall Patterns
Climate change is also altering the rainfall patterns in Kolkata. While the city receives a significant amount of rainfall during the monsoon season, there is a growing concern about erratic rainfall and prolonged dry spells. This can have adverse effects on agriculture, water availability, and the overall ecosystem. It is crucial for the city to develop sustainable water management strategies to cope with these changing rainfall patterns.
1. How hot does Kolkata get during the summer?
Kolkata experiences scorching summers, with temperatures often soaring above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit).
2. What is the average rainfall in Kolkata during the monsoon season?
The average rainfall in Kolkata during the monsoon season is around 1,500 millimeters (59 inches).
3. What is the temperature range in Kolkata during winter?
During winter, the temperature in Kolkata ranges between 12 to 25 degrees Celsius (54 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit).
4. How does climate change affect Kolkata’s temperature?
Climate change has led to an overall increase in temperature in Kolkata, resulting in hotter summers and more frequent heatwaves.
5. What are the major extreme weather events that Kolkata has experienced?
Kolkata has experienced devastating cyclones, such as Cyclone Amphan, and frequent heatwaves in recent years.
Kolkata’s temperature is characterized by hot and humid summers, mild winters, and a significant amount of rainfall during the monsoon season. The city experiences extreme weather events such as cyclones and heatwaves, which have a profound impact on its residents and infrastructure. Additionally, climate change is leading to rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns in Kolkata. It is crucial for the city to adapt to these changes and implement measures to mitigate their impact. By understanding and addressing the temperature challenges, Kolkata can ensure a more sustainable and resilient future for its residents.
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