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The Temperature of Kolkata: A Comprehensive Guide

kolkata temperature

kolkata temperature

Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a vibrant and bustling metropolis that is known for its rich cultural heritage, historical landmarks, and mouth-watering cuisine. However, one aspect of Kolkata that often goes unnoticed is its unique climate and temperature patterns. In this article, we will delve into the temperature of Kolkata, exploring its seasonal variations, extreme weather events, and the impact of climate change. So, let’s dive in and uncover the fascinating world of Kolkata’s temperature!

The Seasonal Temperature Variations in Kolkata

Kolkata experiences a tropical wet-and-dry climate, characterized by hot and humid summers and mild winters. The city is located in the Gangetic plain, which influences its temperature patterns. Here is a breakdown of the seasonal temperature variations in Kolkata:

Summer (March to May)

Summers in Kolkata are notoriously hot and humid, with temperatures often soaring above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit). The city experiences scorching heatwaves during this period, making it uncomfortable for residents and visitors alike. The humidity levels also remain high, adding to the discomfort. It is advisable to stay hydrated and seek shade or air-conditioned spaces during the peak summer months.

Monsoon (June to September)

The monsoon season brings relief from the sweltering heat of summer. Kolkata receives a significant amount of rainfall during this period, with the monsoon winds bringing moisture from the Bay of Bengal. The average rainfall in Kolkata during the monsoon season is around 1,500 millimeters (59 inches). The temperature during this season ranges from 25 to 35 degrees Celsius (77 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit). The cityscape transforms into a lush green paradise, and the rain showers provide respite from the scorching heat.

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Autumn (October to November)

Autumn in Kolkata is characterized by pleasant weather, with temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). The humidity levels decrease, and the city experiences clear skies and gentle breezes. This is considered an ideal time to visit Kolkata, as the weather is neither too hot nor too cold.

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Winter (December to February)

Winters in Kolkata are mild and comfortable, with temperatures ranging from 12 to 25 degrees Celsius (54 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit). The city experiences cool and dry weather during this period, making it a popular time for outdoor activities and festivals. However, it is advisable to carry a light jacket or sweater, especially during the evenings, as the temperature can drop further.

Extreme Weather Events in Kolkata

While Kolkata generally experiences a predictable climate, it is not immune to extreme weather events. Here are some notable instances of extreme weather in Kolkata:

Cyclones

Kolkata is located in a region prone to cyclones, particularly during the pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. Cyclone Amphan, which struck Kolkata in May 2020, was one of the most devastating cyclones in recent history. It caused widespread destruction, with strong winds and heavy rainfall leading to flooding and power outages. The city is constantly working on improving its infrastructure and disaster management systems to mitigate the impact of such cyclones.

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Heatwaves

Heatwaves are a common occurrence in Kolkata during the summer months. In recent years, the frequency and intensity of heatwaves have increased due to climate change. These extreme heat events pose a significant risk to public health, particularly for vulnerable populations such as the elderly and children. It is crucial to raise awareness about heatwave preparedness and implement measures to combat the adverse effects of extreme heat.

The Impact of Climate Change on Kolkata’s Temperature

Like many other cities around the world, Kolkata is experiencing the effects of climate change. Rising global temperatures and changing weather patterns have a direct impact on the city’s temperature. Here are some key ways in which climate change is affecting Kolkata:

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Increased Temperature

Climate change has led to an overall increase in temperature in Kolkata. The city is witnessing hotter summers, with more frequent and intense heatwaves. This not only affects the comfort of residents but also has implications for public health, agriculture, and the economy. It is crucial for the city to adapt to these rising temperatures and implement measures to mitigate the effects of heatwaves.

Changing Rainfall Patterns

Climate change is also altering the rainfall patterns in Kolkata. While the city receives a significant amount of rainfall during the monsoon season, there is a growing concern about erratic rainfall and increased instances of heavy downpours. These changes in rainfall patterns can lead to flooding, waterlogging, and damage to infrastructure. It is essential for the city to invest in sustainable drainage systems and flood management strategies to cope with these challenges.

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Sea Level Rise

Kolkata is located on the eastern coast of India, making it vulnerable to sea-level rise. As global temperatures continue to rise, the melting of polar ice caps and thermal expansion of seawater contribute to the rise in sea levels. This poses a significant threat to coastal cities like Kolkata, increasing the risk of storm surges and coastal erosion. The city needs to develop robust coastal protection measures and adapt to the long-term implications of sea-level rise.

Q&A

1. How hot does Kolkata get in summer?

Kolkata experiences scorching summers, with temperatures often exceeding 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit). The high humidity levels make it even more uncomfortable during this season.

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2. When is the best time to visit Kolkata?

The best time to visit Kolkata is during the autumn season, from October to November. The weather is pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).

3. Does Kolkata experience cyclones?

Yes, Kolkata is prone to cyclones, particularly during the pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. Cyclone Amphan, which struck Kolkata in May 2020, caused significant damage to the city.

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4. How is climate change affecting Kolkata’s temperature?

Climate change is leading to an overall increase in temperature in Kolkata. The city is experiencing hotter summers and more frequent heatwaves. Changing rainfall patterns and sea-level rise are also significant impacts of climate change on Kolkata.

5. What measures are being taken to mitigate the effects of extreme weather events in Kolkata?

Kolkata is working on improving its infrastructure and disaster management systems to mitigate the effects of extreme weather events. This includes investing in sustainable drainage systems, flood management strategies, and coastal protection measures.

Summary

Kolkata’s

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