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The Rise of CJI Chandrachud: A Trailblazer in the Indian Judiciary

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cji chandrachud

India’s judiciary has witnessed the rise of many eminent judges who have left an indelible mark on the legal landscape of the country. One such luminary is Chief Justice of India (CJI) Sharad Arvind Bobde, who has been instrumental in shaping the course of justice in India. In this article, we will delve into the life and achievements of CJI Chandrachud, exploring his journey, notable judgments, and the impact he has had on the Indian judiciary.

Early Life and Education

CJI Chandrachud was born on November 11, 1959, in Mumbai, Maharashtra, into a family with a rich legal legacy. His father, Y.V. Chandrachud, served as the 16th Chief Justice of India and played a pivotal role in several landmark judgments. Following in his father’s footsteps, CJI Chandrachud pursued law at the prestigious St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, before obtaining his LL.B. degree from the Government Law College, Mumbai.

After completing his education, CJI Chandrachud embarked on a remarkable journey in the legal profession, which eventually led him to the apex court of India.

Professional Career

CJI Chandrachud began his legal career in 1983 when he enrolled as an advocate with the Bar Council of Maharashtra and Goa. He practiced law in the Bombay High Court and later shifted his practice to the Supreme Court of India. His expertise in constitutional law and administrative law earned him recognition and respect among his peers.

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In 2000, CJI Chandrachud was appointed as a judge of the Bombay High Court. During his tenure, he presided over several significant cases, displaying his astute legal acumen and commitment to justice. His judgments were known for their meticulous analysis, clarity, and adherence to constitutional principles.

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After serving as a judge in the Bombay High Court for over a decade, CJI Chandrachud was elevated to the Supreme Court of India in 2016. His elevation to the apex court marked a turning point in his career, as he now had the opportunity to shape the legal landscape of the entire nation.

Notable Judgments

CJI Chandrachud’s tenure in the Supreme Court has been marked by several landmark judgments that have had a profound impact on Indian society. Let us explore some of his notable judgments:

1. Right to Privacy

In 2017, CJI Chandrachud was part of the nine-judge bench that unanimously recognized the right to privacy as a fundamental right under the Indian Constitution. This judgment was a significant milestone in Indian jurisprudence, as it affirmed the importance of individual privacy in the digital age.

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2. Section 377

CJI Chandrachud played a crucial role in the decriminalization of consensual same-sex relationships in India. In the landmark judgment of Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India, he held that Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which criminalized homosexuality, was unconstitutional. This judgment was hailed as a victory for LGBTQ+ rights and marked a progressive step towards inclusivity and equality.

3. Aadhaar

In the case of Justice K.S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) v. Union of India, CJI Chandrachud was part of the five-judge bench that upheld the constitutional validity of the Aadhaar Act, subject to certain limitations. The judgment struck a balance between the government’s objective of efficient governance and the protection of individual privacy.

Impact on the Indian Judiciary

CJI Chandrachud’s judgments have had a far-reaching impact on the Indian judiciary and society at large. His commitment to upholding constitutional values, protecting individual rights, and promoting inclusivity has earned him immense respect and admiration.

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His emphasis on the right to privacy has paved the way for a more robust framework to protect personal data and prevent its misuse. This has become particularly relevant in the digital age, where privacy concerns have become increasingly prominent.

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CJI Chandrachud’s stance on LGBTQ+ rights has been instrumental in fostering a more inclusive society. The decriminalization of consensual same-sex relationships has not only provided relief to the LGBTQ+ community but has also set a precedent for other countries grappling with similar issues.

Furthermore, his judgments on issues like Aadhaar have struck a delicate balance between the government’s objectives and individual rights. This has ensured that governance remains efficient while safeguarding the privacy and dignity of citizens.

Q&A

1. What are some other notable judgments delivered by CJI Chandrachud?

CJI Chandrachud has delivered several other notable judgments, including:

  • The Sabarimala Temple Entry Case: He was part of the majority judgment that allowed women of all ages to enter the Sabarimala temple, overturning the centuries-old ban on women of menstruating age.
  • The Right to Protest Case: In a recent judgment, CJI Chandrachud emphasized the importance of the right to protest as a fundamental right, stating that dissent is the safety valve of democracy.
  • The Electoral Bonds Case: He was part of the bench that directed political parties to disclose details of donations received through electoral bonds, promoting transparency in political funding.

2. How has CJI Chandrachud contributed to judicial reforms in India?

CJI Chandrachud has been a vocal advocate for judicial reforms in India. He has emphasized the need for reducing the backlog of cases, improving access to justice, and ensuring judicial accountability. His efforts to streamline court procedures and promote alternative dispute resolution mechanisms have been instrumental in bringing about positive changes in the Indian judiciary.

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3. What is CJI Chandrachud’s stance on environmental issues?

CJI Chandrachud has shown a deep concern for environmental issues and has delivered several judgments highlighting the importance of environmental protection. In the recent case of MC Mehta v. Union of India, he emphasized the need for strict enforcement of environmental laws and held that the polluter must pay for the damage caused to the environment.

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CJI Chandrachud has actively contributed to legal education in India through his involvement in various initiatives. He has emphasized the need for practical training and experiential learning in law schools to bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical skills. His efforts have helped shape the curriculum and teaching methodologies in law schools across the country.

5. What is CJI Chandrachud’s vision for the future of the Indian judiciary?

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